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So, you and a few wheeling buddies decide to create a name and a club is born. ...
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Fire restrictions and guidelines effective Thursday June 19, 2014 on the San Ber...
1 month ago 0 198
In response to the increasing high fire danger, the Sequoia National Forest, Tul...
2 months ago 0 497
My Feb 2014 report is attached.  Topics covered include proposed CARB rules for ...
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I have been asked for copies of my presentation from the Cal4Wheel 2014 Conventi...
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4x4Voice

Nightmare at Nightmare Gulch
Red Rock Canyon SP
While on patrol on June 11th, State Parks Law Enforcement discovered a significant amount of 4X4 off...
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Frogs and Toad Listing Announced
Wildlife
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has announced that the Final Rule for listing of the Sierra Nevad...
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Controversy Around the Sage Grouse
Wildlife
The Spotted Owl of decades past pretty much shut down logging and closed thousands of miles of trail...
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Public Workshops on the Sierra, Sequoia, and Inyo NFs announced
Region 5
(Photo credit: Wikipedia) The Forest Service is hosting public workshops to offer information a...
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4x4Wire News-Bytes

4x4Wire News-Bytes - 4x4Wire
  • What does the term mean?
    Land use efforts come with many strange terms.  If you are faced with a bureaucratic term and no definition, check my MUIRNet Glossary at the below link...
  • HR 1459 - Good for recreation
    Ensuring Public Involvement in the Creation of National Monuments Act - Amends the Antiquities Act of 1906 to subject national monument declarations by the President to the National...
  • Rattlesnakes
    I know I sent out a rattlesnake season reminder to the district while ago, but we are getting a lot of reports of rattlesnake sightings.  So this is another reminder....
  • Ultramount Relaoding Press Mount
    When I began reloading, I mounted my press to a solid (I thought) cabinet top.  It wasn’t long before I began to notice that with each downward pull of the...




Mineral Facts and FAQ's PDF Print E-mail
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Monday, 23 June 2008 17:02

From energy, construction, and agriculture, to communications, transportation, and national defense, at home, work, or play, we all use or require minerals and mineral materials every day


What is a mineral ?

A naturally occurring inorganic element or compound having an orderly internal structure and characteristic chemical composition, crystal form, and physical properties.

What's the difference between a rock and a mineral ?

A rock is an aggregate of one or more minerals; or a body of undifferentiated mineral matter

How do we get minerals ?

Minerals must be mined from the ground, either by surface, underground, or drilling methods. Sand and gravel is usually mined in surface pits or rock is crushed to size, gold is mined in surface pits, underground mines, and in streams and rivers.

Did you know ?

A telephone contains over 40 different mineral materials, a television set has about 35, and an automobile about 15.

Of the approximately 193,000 metric tons of gold discovered, 62% is found in just four countries on earth. All the gold discovered thus far would fit in a cube 22 meters on a side.

Of the approximately 1,740,000 metric tons of silver discovered, 55% is found in just four countries on earth. All the silver discovered thus far would fit in a cube 55 meters on a side.

At today's level of consumption, the average newborn infant will need a lifetime supply of 854 pounds of lead, 776 pounds of zinc, 1,319 pounds of copper, 32,980 pounds of iron, 21,418 pounds of clays, 31,040 pounds of salt, and 1.71 million pounds of stone, sand, gravel, and 72,994 pounds of cement. (figures from Minerals Information Institute)

What is the meaning of the karat mark on gold jewelry? The fineness of jewelry gold is stated as the number of parts in twenty-four that are gold. Thus, 24 karat gold is pure gold; 12 K would be an alloy that is half gold and half copper or other metals.

Fool's Gold can be one of three minerals; the most common mineral mistaken for gold is pyrite, chalcopyrite may also appear gold-like, and weathered biotite mica can mimic flake gold.

More Fun Facts about minerals and mineral materials.

 
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